Thoughts for Armistice Day 2022

  • the Bolshevik takeover in Russia and the consolidation of their power there;
  • the rise of Nazism in Germany and therefore also the horrors of World War II;
  • the United States’ first-ever insertion of military power into Europe;
  • the collapse of the Ottoman Empire; and
  • the extreme weakening of many West European economies and empires, in addition to those of Germany.
Painting of Erzberger’s meeting with Foche, probably by Maurice Pillard



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Helena Cobban

Helena Cobban

Veteran analyst of global affairs, with a focus on the Middle East. Senior Fellow, Ctr for International Policy. Fuller bio at my Wikipedia page.